baracoa .org - All the information about Baracoa, first Cuban capital and one of the first Spanish settlements in America.


The mountainous topography of the region, its isolation from other large cities and the natural patriotism of its inhabitants caused the conspirators and revolutionaries of the colonial period to prefer it for armed landings in the pursuit of liberty.

In October 1854, the expedition of Francisco Estrampes y Gómez, Juan Enrique Félix and José Elías Hernández landed at the port of Baracoa.

Cuban War of Independence

On 16th March 1895 a landing took place at Caleta beach. It consisted of two boats, in the first of which were General Limbazo Sánchez y Colonel Francisco Varona with four other men. In the second boat were Brigadier Ramón González and the rest of the expeditionaries; they landed far away from their companions and did not meet up with them until 10 days afterwards.

On 30th March 1895 there was a landing at Duaba beach, from the British schooner Honour. This was an expedition from Santa Domingo (or possibly Costa Rica) formed by Generals Flor Crombet, Antonio Maceo, José Maceo and Agustín Cebreco, Brigadiers Silverio Sánchez Figueras and Adolfo Peña, Colonels Patricio Corona, Alcid Duverger, José Arceno and José Palacios, Lieutenant-Colonel Alberto Boix, Commanders Juan Fustiel and Juan Limonta, Captains Joaquín Sánchez, Francisco Agramonte, Jesús Maria Santini, Isidoro Noriega, Manuel de J. Granda and Domingo Guamán, Lieutenants Jorge Travot Estrada and Tomas Julio Sáenz and Sub-Lieutenants Luis Enríquez and Luis Soler.

José Martí and Máximo Gómez landing on CajobaboJosé Martí and Máximo Gómez Cajobabo Monument

The schooner was wrecked and a few days later Flor Crombet was killed in a battle with the Spaniards. Latter they attacked Maceo at Duaba but were repulsed. Agramonte captured. Provisional government proclaimed by Maceo; Dr. Tomás Estrada Palma, president, José Martí, secretary-general, and General Máximo Gómez, military director and commander-in-chief.

On 11th April 1895, a landing took place on the small beaches of Cajobobo from a boat bought in the island of Great Inagua for one hundred pesos and launched from the German steamship Nordstrand.

This group consisted of the liberators Máximo Gómez Báez, José Martí Pérez, Ángel Guerra, Cesar Salas and Marcos Mendosa Rosario.

On 19th August 1895 the Norwegian steamship Lion arrived at Nibujón beach, commanded by General Francisco Sánchez Echevarria with 40 revolutionaries.

On 28th October 1895, another revolutionary band arrived at Caleta beach, in the steamship Laurada, under the civil command of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada, son of the Father of the Fatherland and of the military Commander José López, with 38 expeditionaries.

On 25th March 1896, a landing took place at Maraví beach from the steamship Bermudas, under the maritime command of General Emilio Núñez and the military leadership of Calixto García Iñiguez, with 68 expeditionaries.

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